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What are learning disabilities?

Learning disabilities are disorders that affect the ability to understand or use spoken or written language, do mathematical calculations, coordinate movements, or direct attention. Although learning disabilities occur in very young children, the disorders are usually not recognized until the child reaches school age. Research shows that 8 to 10 percent of American children under 18 years of age have some type of learning disability.The most common treatment for learning disabilities is special education. Specially trained educators may perform a diagnostic educational evaluation assessing the child's academic and intellectual potential and level of academic performance. Once the evaluation is complete, the basic approach is to teach learning skills by building on the child's abilities and strengths while correcting and compensating for disabilities and weaknesses. 

(National Institutes of Health)

The State of Learning Disabilities Report

The State of Learning Disabilities (2014) published by National Center for Learning Disabilities

This new report is much more than a collection of facts. It provides an overview of what learning disabilities are, of the impact they have on the lives of children during the school-age years and of the ways that they shape the rocky transition that teens and young adults all too frequently have when moving from school to postsecondary educational settings and the workplace.

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